Friday, November 29, 2019
Nyse The NYSE was first housed at a rented room at 40 Wall Street in 1817. A 5-story building at 10 Broad Street opened in 1865.It was enlarged and remodeled during the 1870s and 1880s, then was demolished in 1901 to make way for the current building.The new Exchange building at 18 Broad Street opened in 1903.Styled in the classical-revival manner popular at the time, it was designed by George B. Post, a well-known architect and engineer.The sculptor John Quincy Adams Ward designed the pediment.The eleven figures in the pediment are emblems of American commerce and industry.The central figure symbolizes integrity, bordered by figures representing sources of wealth. Other figures personify agriculture, mining, science, industry and invention.The view of lower Manhattan from the NYSE building includes the intersection of Nassau, Broad and Wall Streets and looks directly on Federal Hall, the historic site of George Washington's inauguration in 1789.It also includes Trinity Church at the end of Wall Street.The Main Floor occupies 36,000 square feet with a ceiling of 86 feet, including the Garage, Blue Room and Expanded Blue Room.It consists of 17 trading posts, 340 trading positions and 3,000 people who work on the trading floor.Trowbridge & Livingston designed a 23-story building on 11 Wall Street. The Garage was added as a second trading room when the Exchange opened in 1922.20 Broad Street opened in 1956.Added as a third trading room, the Blue Room opened in 1969 and was expanded in 1988.The Garage, Blue Room, and the Expanded Blue Room each measure 7,000 square feet.Each trading post represents the auction market for many different securities.Buy and sell orders are received on the terminals and executed in the open market.There are nearly 3,000 NYSE-listed companies and about 400 of them are non-US listed companies.There are more than 10,000 institutions investing in the NYSE.The total dollar value of the corporate size of all NYSE listed companies is more than $17 .3 trillion.The broker booths occupy the perimeter of the floor and are owned and operated by member firms.The NYSE trading floor contains 1,500 booth spaces.There are about 500 member firms in the NYSE. NYSE member firms employ 100,000 registered workers.Originally, only members and their guests were allowed to view the trading floor from the balcony known as the Member's Gallery, high above the floor. The media and guests of the NYSE now use it.The Ramp, NYSE's new, Three-Dimensional Trading Floor (3DTF) is a computer-generated trading floor representation used for operations control, information sharing and information distribution. It's the first large-scale virtual reality environment for business applications. The 3-D image is depicted on nine 25-inch PixelVision high-resolution, flat-panel monitors, including three monitors that allow the user to understand specific activities. The Advanced Trading Floor Operations Center, which houses the 3DTF, utilizes 6 Silicon Graphics high-powered Onyx2 graphics visualization supercomputers, 43 PixelVision high-resolution, flat-panel monitors, highly advanced software and innovative application code.The Interactive Education Center provides visitors with a technology-driven, user-friendly learning experience. The center features information booths, interactive stock trading exhibits, news feeds, stock prices and a view of the trading floor. The trading floor hosts 8,000 phone circuits, 5,000 electronic devices and 200 miles of fiber optic cable.1,100 tons of air conditioning are needed daily on the NYSE trading floor.About 3,500 kilowatts of power are consumed daily on the NYSE trading floor.One of the most familiar features of the New York Stock Exchange, the bell's loud ring signals the beginning and ending of trading each day. There is one large bell in each of the four trading areas of the NYSE. The bells are opera ted synchronously from a single control. The G. S. Edwards Company of Norwalk, Connecticut manufactured the bells, measuring 18 inches in diameter. In the late 1980s, the NYSE decided to refurbish the bells and have an extra bell made as a back up. While Edwards agreed to make a special replica for the NYSE, an older, larger bell was discovered in a crawl space above the main trading floor. Measuring 24 inches in diameter, this 1903 bell had most likely been put away because it was too loud, even for the New York Stock Exchange. After being cleaned and refurbished, this giant bell was toned down. It now gleams on a
Monday, November 25, 2019
William Shakespeares Macbeth Plot Summary Macbeth, the play which is consideredÃ ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s most intense tragedy, is condensed into this plotÃ summary, capturing the essence and important plot points of the BardÃ¢â¬â¢s shortest play. Macbeth Summary King Duncan hears of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s heroics at war and bestows the title Thane of Cawdor on him. The current Thane of Cawdor has been deemed a traitor and the king orders that he be killed. The Three Witches Unaware of this, Macbeth and Banquo meet three witches on a heath who predict that Macbeth will inherit the title and eventually become king. They tell Banquo that he will be happy and that his sons will inherit the throne. Macbeth is then informed that he has been named Thane of Cawdor and his belief in the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ prophecy is confirmed. King Duncans Murder Macbeth contemplates his fate and Lady Macbeth encourages him to act to ensure the prophecy is realized. A feast is organized to which King Duncan and his sons are invited. Lady Macbeth hatches a plot to kill King Duncan while he sleeps and encourages Macbeth to carry out the plan. After the murder, Macbeth is full of regret. Lady Macbeth scorns him for his cowardly behavior. When Macbeth realizes that he has forgotten to leave the knife at the scene of the crime, Lady Macbeth takes over and completes the deed. Macduff finds the dead King and Macbeth accuses the Chamberlains of murder. King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s sons flee in fear of their lives. Banquos Murder Banquo questions the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ predictions and wants to discuss them with Macbeth. Macbeth sees Banquo as a threat and employs murderers to kill him and his son, Fleance. The murderers botch the job and only manage to kill Banquo. Fleance flees the scene and is blamed for his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Banquos Ghost Macbeth and Lady Macbeth host a feast to lament the death of the King. Macbeth sees BanquoÃ¢â¬â¢s ghost sitting in his chair and his concerned guests soon disperse. Lady Macbeth urges her husband to rest and forget his wrongdoings, but he decides to meet with the witches again to discover his future. Prophesies When Macbeth meets the three witches, they concoct a spell and conjure apparitions to answer his questions and predict his fate. A bodiless head appears and warns Macbeth to fear Macduff. Then a bloody child appears and assures him that Ã¢â¬Å"none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.Ã¢â¬ A third apparition of a crowned child with a tree in his hand tells Macbeth that he will not be vanquished until Ã¢â¬Å"Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him.Ã¢â¬ Macduffs Revenge Macduff travels to England to help Malcolm (King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s son) avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death and overthrow Macbeth. By this time, Macbeth has already decided that Macduff is his enemy and kills his wife and son. Lady Macbeths Death The doctor observes Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s strange behavior. Every night she acts out washing her hands in her sleep as if trying to wash away her guilt. She dies shortly after. Macbeths Final Battle Malcolm and Macduff have assembled an army in Birnam Wood. Malcolm suggests the soldiers each cut down a tree in order to advance on the castle unseen. Macbeth is warned that the wood seems to be moving. Scoffing, Macbeth feels confident that he will be victorious in battle as his predicted invincibility that Ã¢â¬Å"none of woman born shall harm himÃ¢â¬ will protect him. Macbeth and Macduff finally confront each other. Macduff reveals that he was ripped from his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s womb in an untimely manner, so the Ã¢â¬Å"none of woman bornÃ¢â¬ prophesy does not apply to him. He kills Macbeth and holds his head aloft for all to see before declaring MalcolmÃ¢â¬â¢s rightful place as king.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
International management - Essay Example Even though my previous academic achievements qualify me for a high-level employment opportunity in a management profession, becoming an all-round and outstanding chief executive is my immediate objective. Completing the program in a recognized institution and working for an outstanding organization are, therefore, the important ladders to my dream. Getting an opportunity with such kind of an employer, however, depends on the program that I intend to pursue and the institution from which the degree is acquired. The high level of competition that has arisen in the job market has also prompted my desire to take international management as my second masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in order to match the current high and diversified academic qualifications employers require. Upon completion of the program, I intend to work with a multinational hotel, in which I shall have an opportunity to manage diversified cultures in different legal environments. Using my acquired skills from the course to contribute back to the society is also my aim. I, for instance, intend to apply the acquired knowledge to lecture in Ã¢â¬Ëbusiness-orientedÃ¢â¬â¢ institutions besides contributing in public forums. Upon achieving my professional objective, I also aim at attaining a social status that will command authority to influence and mobilize the youth into productive activities such as entrepreneurial ventures and pursuit for higher education. This is because the youth currently lack professional figures with such authority and my level of passion. However, I can achieve such a social goal only through completing this masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in international management for a highly regarded professional status. Besides my professional and social interest in the program, I have a wide base of strengths that guarantee my ability to complete the degree within the duration stipulated by the institution. Apart from completing my bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree, which
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
How to graduate high school students with a sense of pride and accomplishment - Essay Example The beginning and end of the school year are ideal times to focus on dreams and goals. Heres an activity set for starting and ending the school year right.Ã¢â¬ (Begin....) At every stage of life, dreams are important but the dream of a student is more important. It is the dream of the combustible younger generation, and it has a strong impact on the future life of students. The teachers are aware of this fact. Strong motivation and encouraging words play important role. Let us examine the following two motivational sentences. Dear students..life is to be lived in its trials, tribulations, in duty and in beauty. My best wishes are with you always. May you accomplish all your dreams. May you get what you deserve in life.--highly encouraging. Perhaps these words will be remembered for life, by a student. The teachers should help to provide a realistic attitude to students to face the vicissitudes of life. Painting a rosy picture about their future lives will not serve any purpose. Give them correct assessments. Give them a dream; give them a goal. Without a goal, the life of students will be directionless and destination-less. As students, they are, let us say, strolling on the sea-shore. On graduation, they need to plunge to take the sea-bath. The students must be encouragingly toldÃ¢â¬ânow that you are going for the sea bath, be not afraid of the oncoming waves. If the waves are powerful, duck them; if the waves are friendly dance with them; when the waves are normal, swim your way further! Bid your time, know your direction! In college days, the students learn the theory of art of living. Beyond that they need a fresh start as the time has arrived to translate into action the theory knowledge. What is theory after all? It is other mans experience! The students need to be told through encouraging words that they are on the threshold of negotiating rough and tough turns in their lives. They need to be mentally prepared for good, better and
Monday, November 18, 2019
CRJ311 Week 5 discussions - Essay Example From the pictures taken of the blood stain on the husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s clothing, the pattern of the blood on the cloth is that of the contact transfer. In this essence, it elaborates that the husband was in a contact with the victim after the victim was stabbed. Drawing from the explanation of the husband on the nature with which he got into contact with the blood through an attempt to comfort the wife, the pattern thus concurs with his story. The absence of the husbands blood on any of the surfaces through a DNA test was equally an indicating factor that there had not been a struggle between the husband and the wife. This simulates that the husband was truly not present at the time of stabbing. Analysis of a blood pattern on a surface coupled with scientific tests like the DNA is thus a significant step in the identification of the direction of evidence (Englert, 2010). The profiling of DNA is a complicated undertaking biological exercise. Nevertheless, the technology has a great implication on the manner with which investigation and evidence unveiling has been revolutionized. The use of the technology has aided in the solution of a multiple of cases some of which had been labeled as cold cases thus acting as an important milestone in the issuance of justice in the judiciary process. The success of a DNA identification of evidence, the process of collection, handling, and storage of evidence is crucial. This is because biological evidences have higher incidences of decaying, which may alter the genetic composition through a series of genetic mutation and adaptation (Krimsky, 2011). The use of DNA has revolutionized the aspect of criminal investigation in a number of ways. In the first instance, the technology has resulted to the provision of speed with which investigation work can be conducted. With the availability of the technology, it is easy to analyze and cross match
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Impact of Media on Indigenous Cultures KSENIA LIESSAY CRITICALLY DISCUSS HOW MEDIA IMPACTS INDEGENOUS COMMUNITIES Indigenous people groups over the world have been influenced by the presentation of innovations from remote societies for many years. Some have not incredibly changed their lifestyles, while others have totally changed identities toward oneself, whole social orders and perspectives. Current innovations, particularly telecommunication and PC advances, permit indigenous gatherings to take an interest in the bigger social orders and economies around them. These innovations additionally empower them to protect and advertise their lifestyle for their relatives and for our aggregate learning of human history(studymode 2014). The result is less moral and a bundle of information that is figured to be futile (Keen 2007). As said by Franklin Roosevelt, Vote based system cant succeed unless the individuals who state their decision are readied to pick sagaciously consequently relying upon the all inclusive community, democratization of data on the web could be both a great angle and an awful perspective. Internet organizing or societal frameworks organization has fundamentally wound up a bit of our consistently lives and being heaved around over the past few years. It is like any conceivable media, for instance, newsprint, radio and TV, notwithstanding it is considerably more than for all intents and purpose granting data and contemplations. Long extend interpersonal correspondence devices like Twitter, Facebook, Flickr and Blogs have energized the creation and exchange of plans so quickly and for the most part than the formal media. The power of describing and control a brand is moving from organizations and foundations to individuals and aggregations (Tay 2014).communication is a key a piece of human life. It is the exchange of arrangements and suspicions between and around people(studymode 2014). This correspondence can happen up close and particular or through a conduct. Overall correspondence can, consequently, be depicted as the sort of correspondence that happens across over edges i.e. between different states or landmasses. Overall correspondence is honest to goodness basic in overall associations in light of the way that the Earth is right away dependent, so countries need normal acquaintanceship and understanding with every one thusly. This trans-outskirt correspondence is solidly turned the united nation proclamations of human rights which adaptability of information is part of. This has obliged a free stream of information between countries. Telecommunication building empowers various differing frameworks for correspondence between people. The Internet is used by indigenous aggregates for updating, talk rooms, radio stations, trademark conferencing, and immediate data assembling by taking a gander at Web destinations. If, despite everything that indigenously supported Internet belonging and improvements are any noteworthiness of Indigenous social order arrangement to acknowledge the innovative time, the response is that different Indigenous totals see telecommunication and PC impels as a procedure to enhance, rather than impede, opportunity, safeguarding of social request, real impact, and general money related conditions. Media has the picking essentialness of choices both for what is news and what acquires to be scattered, and the proficience to mean, occasions, circumstances, individuals and circumstances in useful ways. Likewise, media are recognized as a part stakeholder in offering centrality to issues and extraordinarily up as a tenet social request space. Expansive levels of talks are in progress around the impacts of the media; an inside reason of media examination is that the making of news has the potential conclusions of impacting book accomplices or social events of people (Ukessays.com 2014). Online networking likewise impacts individuals purchasing practices. Advanced Influence Group reported that 91% of the individuals say buyer surveys are the #1 help to purchasing choices and 87% trust a companions great word over a commentators audit. It is thrice less averse to trust associate assessments over promoting for purchasing choices.. 1 expressions of-mouth discussion has an effect of 200 TV ads(smallbizbee.com 2009). Additionally conveying the opportunity to distinguish a pack of citizenry in a snappy and delicate way, online networking likewise helped youngsters who hold social or physical portability confinements to construct and maintain associations with their companions and kinfolks. Kids who head out abroad to study can at present stay in compelling touch with their parents.to a more amazing reach out, there is recounted proof of positive conclusions from these innovations. In 2010, after the seismic tremor happened in Haiti, a hefty portion of the authority correspondence lines were down. Whatever is left of the world was not equipped to handle the full picture of the circumstances there. To encourage the offering of data and make up for the absence of data, social networking came in extremely convenient to report the news about the influenced range on what happened and what help was required. Tweets from numerous individuals gave an amazing diagram of the progressing occasions from the seismic tremor. BBC secured the event by joining together tweets from the work of its journalist Matthew Price in Port-au-Prince at the ground. Guardians live blog similarly used long range interpersonal communication together with the information from diverse news acquaintanceships to report about the rescue mission (Smallbizbee.com 2009). One of the most serious issues indigenous aggregations have experienced has been the Computerized Divide, which arranges the extraordinary unwashed who have entry to current designing science from those without access. Likely the most far reaching utilization of the Internet by indigenous individuals has been in saving and advertising their progress and history. Not just that, data nowadays might be imparted simply to few clicks and millions will have entry to it (Keen 2007). This essentially implies that as additional data is included to the web, clients unknowingly steal the work of others; it normally happens in circumstances whereby some on Youtube may make a spread for a tune preferred by the masses yet no rights have be Bibliography StudyMode. Influence Of social Media Networks on the flow of International Communication College Essays Odinma-Chima. 2014. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Influence-Of-Social-Media-Networks-On-46621803.html (accessed 20 Mar 2014). Ukessays.com. Aboriginal Family And The Mainstream Media Sociology Essay. 2014. http://www.ukessays.com/essays/sociology/aboriginal-family-and-the-mainstream-media-sociology-essay.php (accessed 20 Mar 2014). Smallbizbee.com. The Conversation: An Introduction to Social Media. 2009. http://smallbizbee.com/index/2009/02/07/conversation-introduction-social/ (accessed 20 Mar 2014). News.asiaone.com. Tied up and humiliated on birthday. 2014. http://news.asiaone.com/News/Education/Story/A1Story20081113-100397.html (accessed 20 Mar 2014). Tay, Raymond. Untitled. 2014. http://ezinearticles.com/?Impact-of-Social-Media-on-Societyid=5378885 (accessed 20 Mar 2014). Hanson, Jarice. Ã¢â¬Å"24/7: Anytime, anywhere.Ã¢â¬ 24/7: How Cell Phones and the Internet Change The Way We Live, Work and Play. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2007. Jacobs, Joanne. Internet Democracy. 1998. http://www.abc.net.au/ola/citizen/interdemoc/democ.htm (accessed July 10, 2012). Baron, Naomi. Ã¢â¬Å"The people we become: The cost of being always on.Ã¢â¬ In Always on: Language in an online and mobile world, by Naomi Baron. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. The University of Kentucky. Plagiarism: Definitions, Examples and Penalties. 12 December 1998. http://www.chem.uky.edu/courses/common/plagiarism.html (accessed July 10, 2012). Keen, Andrew. The great seduction. In the cult of the amateur: How todays internet is killing our culture. New York, 2007.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Jamaican Patois and the Power of Language in Reggae Music Introduction Creole languages are found all over the world on every continent. When two or more languages come into contact to form a new language a Creole language is born. Some type of human "upheaval" that forces people to find a way to communicate, without using their own languages, stimulates the creation of a Creole language. In the case of Creole languages in the Caribbean, the "upheaval" is the past history of slavery. Most Creole languages are based on one language. In Jamaica the African slaves were thrown into a situation where the only common means of communication was English, or at least broken English, therefor Jamaican Creole has a majority of its roots in English (Sebba 1, 1996). Essential words which people could not find an English name for, such as people, things (like plants and animals) and activities (especially religious ones) were taken from a variety of West African languages. As a result of patois not being an official language, a name for the Jamaican dialect has not been settled to this day. Common names such as Jamaican, Jamaican Creole, Jamaican patwa or patois, Black English, broken English and even baby talk or slang are all used to describe Creole languages. In L. Emilie AdamsÃ¢â¬â¢ book, Understanding Jamaican Patois, she states that none of these labels are appropriate for the Jamaican dialect. Creole refers to a mixed African/European language as well as Europeans born in the West Indies; therefore it is inappropriate to refer to the language of Africans in Jamaica as Creole. Patois is a term used widely in Jamaica, but patois can refer to any language considered broken or degraded in the world. Pryce (1997) prefers to use the term ... ...Nicholas, Tracy. Rastafari. Ã¢â¬â A Way of Life. Chicago: Research Associates School Times Publication, 1996. Oumano, E. "Reggae Says No to Ã¢â¬ËPolitricksÃ¢â¬â¢." The Nation, 265 (August 1997): 32-34. Pryce, Jean T. "Similarities Between the Debates on Ebonics and Jamaican." Journal of Black Psychology, 23 (August 1997): 238-241. Pulis, J. W. "Up-Full Sounds: Language, Identity, and the World-View of Rastafari." Ethnic Groups, 10 (1993): 285-300. Seeba, Mark. "How do you spell Patwa?" Critical Quarterl,y 38 (1996): 50-63. Seeba, Mark. "London Jamaican: Language systems in interaction." Languag,e 72 (1996): 426-427. "Talk Jamaican." Website. On-line. Internet. Available WWW: http://www.go.com/Titles?col=WW&qt=Jamaican+creole+or+patwa+or+patois&svx=home_searrchbox&sv=IS&Ik= Vasciannie, S. "The Official Language of Jamaica." Carribean Today, 10 (March 31, 1999).
Monday, November 11, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Tune In, Turn On, and Drop OutÃ¢â¬ was the motto of the hippie movement, a significant countercultural phenomenon in the 1960s and early 1970s that grew partially out of young AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s growing disillusionment with U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Hippies were mainly white teenagers and young adults who shared a hatred and distrust towards traditional middle-class values and authority. They rejected political and social orthodoxies but embraced aspects of Eastern religions, particularly Buddhism. Many hippies also saw hallucinogenic drugs, such as marijuana and LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), as the key to escaping the ties of society and expanding their individual consciousness. The immediate precursor to the hippies was the so-called Beat Generation of the late 1950s, including the poet Allen Ginsberg, who became a hippie hero. But where the coolly intellectual, black-clad beats tended to keep a low profile and stay out of politics, the hippies were known as much for their political outspokenness as for their long hair and colorful psychedelic clothing. Their opposition to the Vietnam War became one of the most significant aspects of the growing antiwar movement throughout the latter half of the 1960s. To express their protests, and to Ã¢â¬Å"turn onÃ¢â¬ others, the hippies used art, street theater and particularly music. Folk music and psychedelic rock-the Beatles album Sergeant PepperÃ¢â¬â¢s Lonely Hearts Club Band was a prime example-were both crucial aspects of hippie culture. This culture reached its peak in the summer of 1967, when a concert in San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Golden Gate Park kicked off the start of the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Summer of Love.Ã¢â¬ The event introduced the music and aesthetic of the hippies to a wider audience and inspired thousands of young people around the country to head to San Francisco, some wearing flowers in their hair, a reference to Scott McKenzieÃ¢â¬â¢s version of the John Phillips song Ã¢â¬Å"San Francisco,Ã¢â¬ a ubiquitous hit and a kind of hippie theme song. In 1969, more than 500,000 people attended the Woodstock Music and Art Festival in Bethel, New York, an event that for many epitomized the best aspects of the hippie movement. There was a dark side to hippie culture, however, and it went beyond the panicked disapproval expressed by conservatives about the Ã¢â¬Å"immoralityÃ¢â¬ of the hippie way of life. A Time magazine article in 1967 quoted San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s public health director as saying that the city was paying $35,000 per month for treatment for drug abuse for the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s 10,000 hippies. To Joan Didion, who wrote about her time in San Francisco for her acclaimed 1968 essay Ã¢â¬Å"Slouching Towards Bethlehem,Ã¢â¬ the hippies were Ã¢â¬Å"missing childrenÃ¢â¬ who were the most conclusive proof that Ã¢â¬Å"the center was not holdingÃ¢â¬ in American society. To the hippies, their behavior was the one truly authentic reaction to the oppressive forces of consumerism, imperialism and militarism embodied by America in the 1960s. By the mid-1970s, the hippie movement was on the wane, though many aspects of its culture-particularly music and fashion-had worked their way into mainstream society. The fraught atmosphere of the 1960s that had created the hippie counterculture no longer existed, particularly after the Vietnam War ended, and with the advent of punk and disco music the earnest hippies were often seen as ridiculous. Still, their ideals of peace, love and community became the enduring legacy of the hippie movement, and even today there are a few Ã¢â¬Å"neo-hippiesÃ¢â¬ to be found on college campuses and communes across the country and around the world. The Tet Offensive The Tet Offensive was a large-scale series of battles launched by the Vietnamese Communists (or Viet Cong) against American and South Vietnamese troops during the Vietnam War that resulted in both a military failure and a psychological victory for the Communists. The multi-part campaign was known as Tet because it was scheduled to start on January 31, 1968, the Vietnamese New Year holiday known as Tet. As a diversionary tactic, North Vietnamese units attacked the Marine base at Khe Sahn shortly before Tet and approximately 50,000 U.S. and South Vietnamese forces were involved in defending the base and other sites nearby. Subsequently, the Americans and South Vietnamese were surprised by the Tet Offensive, in which over 100 cities and towns and several dozen airfields and bases throughout South Vietnam were attacked. However, the U.S. and its ally quickly fought back and the Viet Cong, who suffered massive casualties, were unable to hold most of the captured territory for long. In the United States, people were stunned by the intensity and widespread nature of the attacks. Graphic images of the fighting were shown on American television and for the first time, criticism of the war mounted on a national scale. General William Westmoreland, commander of U.S. military operations in Vietnam, requested over 200,000 more troops, believing it would be possible for the U.S. to finally wipe out the enemy in their weakened condition. However, President Lyndon B. Johnsons new defense secretary, Clark Clifford, convinced the president to reject Westmorelands request and in March 1968, Johnson stated that the United States was committed to a de-escalation of the conflict. Johnson also announced he would not seek a second term as president. The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese launched additional Tet campaigns in May and August of that same year. American combat units finally withdrew from Vietnam in 1973 and South Vietnam fell to North Vietnam in 1975. Vietnam War Protests Opposition to American involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly but grew steadily throughout the second half of the 1960s, eventually becoming the largest and most powerful anti-war movement in American history. By the time U.S. planes began regular bombings of North Vietnam in February 1965, liberal public opinion had begun to question the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s assertion that it was fighting a democratic war to liberate the South Vietnamese people from Communist aggression. The anti-war movement then began in earnest, mostly on college campuses, as members of the leftist organization Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) began organizing Ã¢â¬Å"teach-insÃ¢â¬ to express their opposition to the way in which it was being conducted. Though the vast majority of the American population still supported the administration policy in Vietnam, a small but outspoken liberal minority was making its voice heard by the end of 1965. This minority included many students as well as prominent artists and intellectuals and members of the hippie movement, a growing number of young people who rejected authority and embraced the drug culture. By the end of 1967, the Vietnam War was costing the U.S. some $25 billion per year, and disillusionment was beginning to reach greater sections of the taxpaying public. More casualties were reported in Vietnam every day, even as U.S. commanders demanded more troops. Under the draft system, as many as 40,000 young men were called into service each month, adding fuel to the fire of the anti-war movement. Heavyweight boxer Muhammad Ali was one of the more prominent Americans who resisted the draft system, declaring himself a conscientious objector and earning a prison sentence (later overturned) and a three-year ban from boxing. On October 21, 1967, one of the most prominent anti-war demonstrations took place, as some 100,000 protesters gathered at the Lincoln Memorial; 30,000 of them continued in a march on the Pentagon later that night. After a brutal confrontation with the soldiers and U.S. Marshals protecting the building, hundreds of demonstrators were arrested. One of them was the author Norman Mailer, who chronicled the events in his The Armies famous book of the Night, published the following year to widespread acclaim. By early February 1968, a Gallup poll showed only 35 percent of the population approved of JohnsonÃ¢â¬â¢s handling of the war and 50 percent disapproved (the rest had no opinion). Joining the anti-war demonstrations by this time were members of the organization Vietnam Veterans Against the War, many of whom were in wheelchairs and on crutches. The sight of these men on television throwing away the medals they had won during the war did much to win people over to the anti-war cause. After many New Hampshire primary voters rallied behind the anti-war Democrat Eugene McCarthy, Johnson announced that he would not seek reelection. Vice President Hubert Humphrey accepted the Democratic nomination in August in Chicago, and 10,000 anti-war demonstrators showed up outside the convention building, clashing with security forces assembled by Mayor Richard Daley. Humphrey lost the 1968 presidential election to Richard M. Nixon, who had promised in his campaign to deal with the extreme elements of the population-namely the radicals and the hippies-more effectively than Johnson had. NixonÃ¢â¬â¢s war policies divided the nation still further: In December 1969, the government instituted the first U.S. draft lottery since World War II, inciting a vast amount of controversy and causing many young men to flee to Canada to avoid conscription. Tensions ran higher than ever, spurred on by mass demonstrations and incidents of official violence such those at Kent State in May 1970, when National Guard troops shot into a group of protesters demonstrating against the U.S. invasion of Cambodia, killing four students. By the time the war finally ended, after North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon in 1975, the plaintive anti-war slogan Ã¢â¬Å"What are we fighting for?Ã¢â¬ seemed a prophecy come true, as veterans returned home from Vietnam to find their own nation still bitterly divided. My Lai Massacre On March 16, 1968, a group of U.S. soldiers attacked the South Vietnamese village of My Lai, believed to be a Communist stronghold, and killed between 175 and 400 civilians as well as committing rape and other crimes. U.S. helicopter pilot Hugh Thompson and two crewmen, who were flying a reconnaissance mission over My Lai, saw the dead bodies and stopped to investigate. In the process, they managed to rescue a group of Vietnamese civilians from American troops. Although Thompson reported the incident to his superiors, the American public didnt learn about it until over a year later, after a former soldier named Ronald L. Ridenhour wrote letters about what happened at My Lai to President Richard Nixon and other government officials. Ridenhour had found out about the events a month after they occurred from soldiers who were there. The Army eventually launched an investigation that led to the conviction of platoon leader Lt. William L. Calley, Jr., for the murder of 22 unarmed men, women and children. In 1971, Calley was sentenced to life in prison, which was later reduced to 10 years. Ultimately, he served three years under house arrest. The My Lai massacre left many Americans further disillusioned about the Vietnam War. People were horrified that U.S. soldiers had committed atrocities against innocent civilians and were angered at the potential military cover-up, as well as the fact that Lt. Calley was the only person convicted for the murders. Music and Hippies The American music scene during the first part of the 1960s was dominated by male vocalists such as Elvis Presley, Motown artists like Diana Ross & The Supremes and folk performers such as Bob Dylan with their acoustic-based protest songs. By the mid-1960s, though, psychedelic rock had taken root as an intrinsic part of the growing hippie movement. The Flower Power generation was interested in freedom and self-expression and the kind of mind-altering experiences that could be achieved through the use of psychedelic drugs such as marijuana and LSD. Psychedelic rock, which often used electronic sound effects and was sometimes influenced by music from India, attempted to recreate and enhance the feelings resulting from hallucinogenic drug use. Groups including Jefferson Airplane, The Grateful Dead and Janis Joplin and Big Brother & the Holding Company were pioneers of psychedelic rock. They all lived in San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, which became the epicenter of the hippie scene. The Beatles were at the height of their popularity throughout the 1960s. After bursting onto the scene in their native England in 1962, the band made its first appearance on American television in 1964, on The Ed Sullivan Show, and generated a massive audience. By the second half of the decade, the bandÃ¢â¬â¢s pop rock sound had become more experimental and psychedelic. In June 1967, the Beatles released their eighth album, Sgt. PepperÃ¢â¬â¢s Lonely Heart Club Band, considered one of the most important records in rock history. Many of the albumÃ¢â¬â¢s hit songs, such as Ã¢â¬Å"With a Little Help From My FriendsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Lucy in the Sky with DiamondsÃ¢â¬ were allegedly filled with drug references. One non-musician who was an important part of the Ã¢â¬â¢60s music scene was concert promoter Bill Graham, whose San Francisco auditorium, The Fillmore, became a major venue for psychedelic rock groups such as Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service, The Grateful Dead and Big Brother & the Holding Company, among others. In 1968, Graham opened the Fillmore East, which became a showcase for counterculture musicians in New York City. In June 1967, the Monterey International Pop Music Festival, the first widely promoted rock fest, took place in California. Over 200,000 people attended the event, considered a highlight of San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Summer of Love.Ã¢â¬ Jimi Hendrix and The Who made their first big U.S. performances at the festival, which also showcased performers such as Janis Joplin, Otis Redding and Ravi Shankar. John Phillips of the Mamas & the Papas, who helped organize the festival, wrote a song, intended as a fest advertisement, called Ã¢â¬Å"San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair).Ã¢â¬ Sung by Scott McKenzie, Ã¢â¬Å"San FranciscoÃ¢â¬ became a Flower Power anthem.Monterey was a precursor to the Woodstock Festival, which took place in August 1969 on a 600-acre farm in Bethel, New York. An estimated half a million young people turned up for the event, which featured the key musicians of the time, including Hendrix, Joplin, Jefferson Airplane, The Who, Joan Baez, Sly and the Family Stone and Crosby, and Stills Nash & Young, among others. Woodstock later came to be viewed as one of the ultimate events of the hippie era. 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City Controversy surrounded the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City before the Games even began. Athletes were concerned about Mexico CityÃ¢â¬â¢s high altitude and thin air. Human rights activists were outraged when the Mexican military opened fire on thousands of college students during a campus protest in Mexico City shortly before the opening of the XIX Olympiad. After the Games began, one of the most notable events was the Black Power salute by two African-American athletes during their medal ceremony. On October 16, 1968, Tommie Smith, the gold medal winner in the menÃ¢â¬â¢s 200-meter race, and his team member John Carlos, the bronze medalist in the same event, stepped up to the podium shoeless and wearing black socks, civil rights buttons and one black glove each. The lack of shoes and black socks were meant to symbolize poverty among African Americans. When Ã¢â¬Å"The Star Spangled BannerÃ¢â¬ was played, Smith and Carlos bowed their heads and each raised a fist in the air, in a gesture of protest against racism in America. Australian Peter Norman, the 200-meter silver medalist, wore a human rights badge on the podium as a sign of solidarity. International Olympic Committee President Avery Brundage, who believed the political gesture was inappropriate for the Olympic Games, an event meant to be free of politics, suspended Smith and Carlos from the U.S. Track and Field team and barred them from the Olympic Village. Back home in America, Smith and Carlos faced criticism and even death threats for their actions. However, others praised the men, both of whom went on to graduate from San Jose State, play professional football and later become track coaches. Robert F. Kennedy Robert Francis Kennedy, the crusading U.S. attorney general, senator from New York and presidential candidate, was instrumental in helping protect and shape civil rights law in America during the 1960s. Kennedy, born November 20, 1925, in Brookline, Massachusetts, attended Harvard University and University of Virginia Law School and served in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He served as U.S. attorney general during the presidential administration (1961-63) of his elder brother John F. Kennedy. As attorney general, Bobby Kennedy championed social justice causes and later helped draft the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Kennedy announced his presidential candidacy in March 1968 and spoke out against urban poverty and the Vietnam War during his short-lived campaign. In the early hours of June 5, 1968, after giving a speech to his supporters at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, Kennedy, a father of 11, was shot by Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Bishara Sirhan. Kennedy died the next day and was buried near John F. Kennedy at Arlington National Cemetery. Democratic National Convention Politics turned violent when local police clashed with anti-war demonstrators and journalists at the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which took place in Chicago from August 26 to August 29. The convention, held to select a Democratic nominee for the U.S. presidency, occurred during an already tumultuous year that had seen the assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy, as well as growing disillusionment with the Vietnam War by many Americans. During the convention, Democrats were divided over Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy, an anti-war candidate, and Vice President Hubert Humphrey, who was associated with President Lyndon JohnsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Vietnam War policies. In a symbolic gesture, political activist Abbie Hoffman and his fellow Yippies nominated a pig called Mr. Pigasus for commander-in-chief. Humphrey won the nomination, but would go on to lose in the general election to Republican Richard Nixon. Following the convention, Democrats instituted reforms in the nomination process which overhauled the methods for delegation selection and put greater emphasis on primaries. hicago Mayor Richard Daley, a powerful, hardheaded figure known to dislike hippies, vowed to use whatever means necessary to control the crowds of demonstrators who had threatened to shut down the convention. Daley ordered a large police presence, instituted an 11 p.m. curfew and refused to grant permits for rallies and marches. The police took an aggressive stance, attacking and clubbing protestors and journalists on a nightly basis outside the convention hall and in nearby Lincoln and Grant parks. The violence was broadcast on national television, stunning Americans and leaving a black mark on the city of Chicago. Remarkably, no one was killed. A group of protestors that included Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden and Black Panther Bobby Seale and became known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Chicago Eight,Ã¢â¬ were arrested and charged with conspiracy to incite a riot. The men, later referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"Chicago SevenÃ¢â¬ when Seale was tried separately, were ultimately acquitted or had their convictions overturned.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
America's Involvement In World Affairs Since 1945 essays America's Involvement In World Affairs Since 1945 Since 1945 the United States government has been increasingly concerned with problems all over the world in various continents. Three countries we were concerned with for different reasons were North Korea, Cuba, and South Africa. Difficulties occurred in each of these nations that the United States had to overcome to maintain its worldwide power and influence. During the final stages of World War II and through early years of the Cold War President Truman ran our country. He opposed the spread of communism in Europe and Korea. One foreign problem he got our country involved in was the Korean War, which took place from June of 1950 until July of 1953. Our country got involved in this war to prevent the spread of communism from North Korea into South Korea. Communist North Korea, under Kim II Sung, started the war and moved troops over the 38th parallel (boundary between North and South Korea) into South Korea. This initial attack led North Korean troops all the way deep into South Korea, which made it difficult from the beginning for the United States to push North Korean troops back into their country. Under President Truman, General MacArthur moved troops into South Korea to push North Korean troops north back to the 38th parallel and eventually into North Korea. China, who had a treaty with the Soviet Union, then entered the war agai nst the United States because we were striking the North Korean troops on the Yalu River, which was the border of China and North Korea. They entered the war with 180,000 soldiers. This made it more difficult for the United States to keep the South Korean troops in North Korea. MacArthur wanted an air attack on China and Truman rejected it because he feared the Soviets would get involved in the war. MacArthur then hinted that Truman was "soft on communism" and that he favored appeasement. There was a second attempt of North Korea and China...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Monday, November 4, 2019
A Comparison of Japan and the Culture of the United States - Research Paper Example Work and business practices that are culturally relevant provide for the development of economic success for a nation. In comparing the Japanese culture with the American culture, it is clear that the Japanese exist in a collective state where as Americans not only are individualistic but aspire towards individualism as a respected state. In comparing the cultures of Japan and the United States, it is clear that the differences provide for very different outcomes in relationship to economy and success. Japan Education and Family The central government is involved in the success of their school systems. School systems are the same throughout the nation with moves from one region to another meaning that a child will not be in a different state of educational advancement in one place compared to another. Equity is achieved through the centralized control of the education system. Communities are not responsible for defining their own education system, but rather there is a high quality o f standardization that exists though out the country (Berger, 2009). Children spend longer days, longer weeks which include Saturdays, and a longer period of the year in school. School systems are only shut down for one month out of the year. Three fourths of the children attend supplemental public school which is called juko (Berger, 2009). Japanese children routinely score higher on science and mathematics tests. One criticism, however, is that so much time is spent on rote learning that concept of meta-cognitive skills are not as well developed. Learning discipline through memorization is emphasized while thinking skills are not fully developed to the capacity that could be achieved. In 2002, the Japanese government made changes in order to create more relaxed learning in order to maximize controlled curriculum at 30% with the rest of the curriculum being devoted to teaching children how to think (Berger, 2009). Family life in Japan, therefore, is based upon the importance of the group dynamic. Georges (2009) shows that the ideal family relationship is one in which Ã¢â¬Å"a feeling of onenessÃ¢â¬ exists to the point that the members of the family understand one another without having to discuss anything. Contrasting to American ideas of teenage life, when polled on how much teenagers believed that their family understood them, Japanese teens indicated that their mother understood them by 72%, their father by 65%, and their siblings by 63%, while believing by 77% that they understood the other members of their families. It is possible that Japanese generally gain self-esteem by their membership in their family, rather than through direct self- enhancement (Georges, 2009). The family is structured with the male as the head of the family, but the mother taking responsibility for the emotional security and welfare of the family. She takes the responsibility of the children, holding them to her in a method through which she prepares them for the external soci ety through creating meaning in the connection to the family group. Children are responsible to each member of the family and it is through the shame of failure that their success is born. They owe their success not to themselves, but towards the continuation of the family through their efforts. Work and Business Work and business are a continuation of the nature of the Japanese culture through which the needs of the collective are more important than the needs of the individual. A class system has evolved in which a family is ranked socially by the reputation of the company for which he works. The work culture
Saturday, November 2, 2019
A comparison of the US investor visa and the Canadian investor visa - Research Paper Example The intention of this study is immigration as the act of people belonging to various countries passing or coming into another country to stay there permanently. All around the world, most immigrants have to obtain a visa for their movement from one place to another. All countries of the world have their own demarcated boundaries. No outside person can enter a country without a legal document certifying the entry, i.e. a visa against that countries immigration act. Thus a visa is a legal seal or a documented permission to enter a country. Mostly it is a stamp in the passport of the applicant. The visa gives details about the background of the person, so as to avoid conflict, terrorism or any problems from any dangerous persons and also helps to keep a count on the number of people entering a country. In this paper we lay special focus on the differences in the two visas and their impact, with a special emphasis on Chinese immigration to the US and Canada. From the huge number of migra ting people every year to the US and Canada, a major number of them are Asians, mainly from China and India. The huge number of investor visas issued to Chinese immigrants has been increasing over the years and has been attributed to their wealth. From times immortal, many people from around the world have immigrated to the US for a better standard of living and the Ã¢â¬ËAmerican DreamÃ¢â¬â¢. However, as immigrants faced struggles in the new land to build their future, the natives complained of lost jobs and distorted cultures. Previously the policies for immigrants in the US were very liberal, but later on complex laws were devised to check the quality of the immigrants (Anderson, 2010, p. 1). Access to high skilled immigrants was of utmost importance for fostering competition within the US companies in the global market. New rules do not allow foreign talented individuals to stay in the US for a long time. This rule in particular encouraged companies to seek talent outside the country in the form of outsourcing. Many companies had also built setups in neighboring countries like Canada because of the high level of restrictions in the US (Anderson, 2010, p. 119). Investor visas were created to encourage foreign investors to put in money in a significant manner in the economy of the host country, in exchange for permanent residency, Green card in case of the US and Maple card in case of Canada, so that it may result in overall job creation in the host country. Both the USA and Canada have introduced investor or entrepreneur visas to encourage foreign entrepreneurs to settle in their countries and provide work to people there.